The Government of India has initiated the creation of National Population Register (NPR) by collecting specific information of all usual residents in the country during the House listing and Housing Census phase of Census 2011 during April 2010 to September 2010. The NPR is a comprehensive identity database to be maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (RGI). The objective of creation of the NPR is to help in better utilization and implementation of the benefits and services under the government schemes, improve planning, improve security and prevent identity fraud.
In the NPR process, following details have been gathered by the designated enumerators by visiting each and every household:
i. Name of the person
ii. Name of the person as should appear in National Population Register
iii. Relationship to Head
v. Date of Birth
vi. Marital Status
vii. Educational Qualification
ix. Name(s) of father, mother and spouse in full
x. Place of Birth
xi. Nationality as declared
xii. Present address of usual residence
xiii. Duration of stay at present address
xiv. Permanent residential address
A specimen scanned copy of the NPR schedule is available for download from Census of India website at: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-Schedule/Index.html
The data thus collected will then be digitized in the local language of the State as well as in English. This digitization involves the scanning of the forms (NPR Schedules) and validating the data using Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) Software. For this purpose, RGI has established a number of scanning centres across the country. The data thus scanned in the form of scanned images will then be manually digitized.
Once this demographic database has been created, then the biometrics enrolment (capture of 1 Photograph, 10 Finger Prints and Iris scan of both eyes) will be carried out for all persons aged 5 years and above by arranging enrolment camps in every village and at the ward level in every town. The collected data will be printed in the form of LRUR (Local Register of Usual Residents) and displayed at prominent places within the village and ward for the public to see. Objections will be sought and registered at this stage. Each of these objections will then be enquired into by the local Revenue Department Officer/ Census Department Officer/ Municipal Commissioner and a proper disposal given in writing. Once this process is over, the lists will be placed in the Gram Sabha in villages and the Ward Committee in towns. Claims and Objections will be received at this stage also and dealt with in the same manner described above. The Gram Sabha/Ward Committee has to give its clearance or objection within a fixed period of time after which it will be deemed that the lists have been cleared.
The information thus authenticated will then be sent to the UIDAI for de- duplication and issue of Unique Identification (UID) Numbers. The cleaned database along with the UID Number will then be sent back to the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India (ORG&CCI) and would form the National Population Register. The diagram below shows the entire process of NPR in a nutshell.
METHODOLOGY FOR NPR CREATION
The RGI, MHA has entrusted the work of demographic data digitization and bio-metric collection in respect of 17 states and 2 UTs to the Department of Information Technology. The Department of IT is spearheading the digitization process and envisages the participation of its societies – NIELIT (Formerly DOEACC Society), STPI and C-DAC in this project. NIELIT (Formerly DOEACC Society) has been made Nodal Agency by DIT for implementation of the project. It is estimated that the project will digitize the data of about 62.5 crore population of India and biometric capture of about 56.2 crore people. Biometric includes photograph, all ten finger prints and Iris capture for the population above 5 years age. The digitization of NPR will be done in 6 months. The Biometric capture will be done in 1 year.
Role of Department of Information Technology (DIT) in NPR
The Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India (ORG&CCI) has assigned Department of Information Technology (DIT) with the responsibility of demographic data digitization and biometric data collection in 17 states and 2 Union Territories of India.
DIT will undertake the following activities on behalf of the ORG&CCI to enable creation of the National Population Register and facilitate the issuance of UID numbers to the usual residents within the states assigned to it:
- Digitization: The ORG&CCI will be responsible for scanning and Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) of the NPR Schedules collected from the field. Once ICR has been performed, the scanned images will be handed over to DIT to complete manual data entry in two languages, i.e. English Language and Local Language of the State.
- Biometric Enrolment: Upon completion of manual data entry, DIT will capture biometric data of all residents aged 5 years and above.
- Data Consolidation and Delivery: DIT shall consolidate the captured data, including demographic and biometric data, and deliver the same to ORG&CCI for further de-duplication and assignment of UID number by the UIDAI.
DIT recognizes that this assignment calls for organizations which have demonstrable experience in demographic data digitization and enrolment and also requires significant financial commitments from them in order to successfully execute it within the time schedule.
Role of National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology(NIELIT)
NIELIT (formerly DOEACC Society), an autonomous Scientific Society of the Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India has presence at 23 locations throughout the country having its Headquarter at New Delhi. The Society has immense capabilities for execution of e-Governance Projects.
For the purpose of ensuring complete coverage of the 17 States and 2 UTs, DIT plans to divide the work of demographic data digitization and biometric data collection into urban and rural areas. DIT intends to leverage the network of NIELIT (formerly DOEACC Society) which has been designated as nodal agency for implementation of NPR Project. The overall responsibility for completing the work of Demographic Data Digitization & Biometric Enrolment of the assigned states/UTs in the urban and rural areas has been delegated to NIELIT (formerly DOEACC Society) by DIT.
Role of CSC e-GOVERNANCE SERVICES INDIA LIMITED
As part of the existing CSC Scheme under NeGP, the responsibility of establishing CSCs across various villages in all states and UT in the country lies with Service Centre Agencies (SCAs). Under the CSC Scheme, all states and UT have been categorized into zones with each SCA managing one or more zones across one or more states/UTs. There are 71 such zones in the 17 States and 1 UT where NPR activities have to be carried out by DIT. For the rural areas, DIT intends to leverage the network of Common Service Centres (CSCs).
Since CSC e-GOVERNANCE SERVICES INDIA LIMITED has been established as a company under the Companies Act 1956 for the sole purpose of managing the CSC scheme under NeGP, therefore, the overall responsibility of monitoring and supervising of the NPR project in the rural areas of 17 states and 1 UT for demographic data digitization and biometric capturing will be of CSC e- GOVERNANCE SERVICES INDIA LIMITED.